How Do You Rehabilitate After Brain Injury?

Traumatic brain injury rehabilitation aims to minimize the long term impact of the brain injury by teaching the brain learn alternative ways of working.

By Brad Nakase, Attorney

Email  |  Call (888) 600-8654

Have a quick question? I answered nearly 1500 FAQs.

Post-traumatic brain injury rehabilitation and therapy

Worldwide, traumatic brain injury is one of the leading causes of disability in people under 40. When a sudden injury (a closed head injury) causes damage to the brain, it is termed a traumatic brain injury. Symptoms that surface after traumatic brain injury can include loss of coordination, dizziness, headaches, loss of concentration, blurry vision, temporary memory loss, and other personality changes. In younger people, most traumatic brain injuries are caused by auto accidents, assaults, and sports injuries. For people older than 70, the leading cause of traumatic brain injury is falling.

In the case of traumatic brain injury, doctors consider various treatments that even include surgery. In most cases, a simple medication course or surgery is not enough. That’s why therapy and rehabilitation are often recommended for patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Although you’ll be required to change your routine and get more rest in a concussion, an extended stay in rehab is highly recommended when doctors diagnose the high severity of brain injury. Before we understand why rehabilitation is an effective option, our traumatic brain injury lawyer discusses the different types of traumatic brain injury.

Types of brain injuries

  • Concussion: A concussion shakes your brain. It is also called mild traumatic brain injury. In this brain injury, the brain gets jolted, accelerating the brain toward the force. A few generations ago, doctors believed a concussion was just like a little inconvenience, but times have changed, and it is considered an injury that can have a life-long impact on a person’s life. People who suffer from frequent concussions are prone to developing the condition chronic traumatic encephalopathy (it starts to change a person’s brain function, mood, and behavior).
  • Coup-Contrecoup Brain Injury: When the brain slams into the opposite side of the impact site, this injury occurs as a result. Hence, there is damage on both sides (the impact site and the opposite side). Although all traumatic brain injuries can be severe, this one is incredibly violent because both sides are affected, and the results are immediate and severe. A person suffering from Coup-Contrecoup brain injury may require extensive support to recover fully.
  • Brain Contusion: A brain contusion mainly occurs in conjunction with a concussion. Although it is just a bruise that can cause internal bleeding, it can become dangerous if it doesn’t stop. If the bleeding doesn’t stop, it must be stopped surgically. It is considered a mild brain injury but can become dangerous if not diagnosed and treated on time.
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury: This brain injury is similar to a concussion but is way more severe. Just like concussions, the brain accelerates in the direction of the force. However, the acceleration is fast, and the brain hits the hard skull with more impact. As a result of this violent movement, the brain stem cannot keep up with the rate of movement, and it causes small microscopic tears of tissues and structures, which can be fatal in some cases. The damages can be permanent or temporary, and there can be a coma or even death.  Brain death can occur when the brain’s communication and chemical processes get disturbed due to torn nerve tissues.
  • Second Impact Syndrome: Second impact syndrome injury is often called a recurrent traumatic brain injury. Once you’ve sustained a first brain injury, a second brain injury during the recovering process is called second impact syndrome. Imagine having a healing wound and then getting into an accident that reopens that wound – there can be catastrophic damage. Doctors believe a second impact can cause more harm than the first one. Getting rest and proper treatment after the first impact is essential.
  • Penetrating Injury: As the name suggests, this injury occurs when an object penetrates the skull and brain. Given that there can be blood loss, disrupted oxygen supply, and blood clots, this injury can be fatal if not immediately treated. Although bullets are the leading cause of penetrating injuries, there are cases of auto accidents as well.

Importance of rehabilitation for post-traumatic brain injury

You need to understand that you should never take traumatic brain injury lightly. If there is any brain injury, seek medical attention without wasting time. Once your brain injury is diagnosed, your doctor will give you some medication, or surgery will be required in a severe case. Surgery is considered an effective option to repair your skull, remove a hematoma, or release some pressure in your skull. If you had surgery or needed extensive treatment for your severe brain injury, rehabilitation is the most essential key to your recovery.

Here are a few key reasons why rehabilitation therapy is essential:

  • It helps improve your brain function and enhances your ability to function at home or outside
  • Rehabilitation therapy restores lost functional abilities such as talking, eating, using the bathroom, etc.
  • It helps you adapt to the changes that have occurred after the traumatic brain injury
  • It provides much-needed social and emotional support
  • It helps stabilize the medical and rehabilitation issues
  • It helps prevent complications that occur during/after treatment, such as pressure sores and contractures

Rehabilitation programs for traumatic brain injury

As people have different needs and abilities for the proper recovery from traumatic brain injury, the rehab program is designed specifically for individuals. According to the severity of your injury, it is likely that there will be many healthcare providers monitoring your rehab. There can be different settings for recovery. You and your family can decide which setting is more suitable. You can choose from rehab settings such as home-based, inpatient, outpatient, or a comprehensive day program.

The best rehabilitation programs for you are based on your needs and abilities. They may include these programs:

  • Neurorehabilitation
  • Speech and language therapy
  • Locomotor training
  • Physical therapy and medicine
  • Psychological care
  • Psychiatric care
  • Occupational therapy
  • Social support
  • Upper and lower extremity retraining
  • Aqua therapy
  • Complex concussion
  • Day programs
  • Speech ability
  • Strength and coordination
  • Mental and behavioral state

The duration of your rehabilitation depends on the severity of your brain injury, recovery speed, and how well you respond to it. Rehabilitation is effective, and some people even return to their same level of ability before the traumatic brain injury. In severe cases, there is a possibility of lifetime rehabilitation. You need to know that rehabilitation can be beneficial. Still, there is also a possibility that some long-term problems associated with traumatic brain injury show up after years, such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, or dementia.

What happens after rehabilitation is done?

Once your rehabilitation program is completed, you will be given some instructions, such as:

  • Call your doctor as soon as you notice some symptoms and signs
  • Symptoms and signs that shouldn’t concern you a lot
  • Advise on limited-to-no use of alcohol and refrain from using drugs
  • Avoid sports such as football or rides such as roller coasters
  • Availability of community support resources

Have a quick question? We answered nearly 2000 FAQs.

See all blogs: Business | Corporate | Employment Law

Most recent blogs:

Car Accident Help Against Insurance Company

The aftermath of a car accident in California - minor scrape or a major collision - requires knowledge and preparation to avoid costly mistakes. This comprehensive guide offers step-by-step advice on what to do post-accident, including interactions with insurance companies and a handy checklist for quick reference. It emphasizes the importance of understanding your auto insurance policy and its coverage, ensuring you're well-equipped to handle any incident on the road efficiently and effectively.

What To Do in An Accident?

After an accident, do the following: ensure everyone is safe and call 911 if necessary; exchange insurance information with the other driver(s); and report the accident to your car insurance company.

The Truth About Uninsured Motorist Coverage

The truth about uninsured motorist coverage has been unfolded, revealing its vital role in protecting drivers financially in a variety of scenarios. We've explored how this coverage, while varying by state and policy, offers indispensable security against the uncertainties of accidents with uninsured drivers.

Second Assumption of Risk Defense

Secondary assumption of risk is when one willingly and voluntarily puts oneself in a dangerous situation due to someone else’s negligence.

How MICRA affects Medical Malpractice Litigation

MICRA caps plaintiffs' personal injury general damages at $350,000 and wrongful death at $500,000. Also, under MICRA, a plaintiff in a malpractice case only has one year from the date they discover their injury was caused by negligence to sue a medical provider.

Personal Injury Lawyer: How to Prove Pain and Suffering

Our personal injury lawyer discusses the challenges of quantifying pain and suffering in personal injury claims, underscoring the pivotal role of lawyers in guiding jury assessments. It emphasizes the significance of medical evidence and expert testimony in translating subjective pain into legal terms for fair and clear courtroom deliberations.

Sacral Nerve Damage Symptoms

Symptoms of sacral nerve damage includes: lower back pain, numbness or tingling in the lower back, muscle weakness, bowel or bladder dysfunction, sensory changes, and difficulty walking.

What are date rape drugs?

Date-rape drugs are substances that make it easier for someone to sexually assault or rape another person usually by making the victim unconscious.

Back Injury Car Accident Settlement

The average settlement value for a back injury in an auto accident lawsuit ranges from $12,000 for minor injuries to $500,000 for injuries requiring surgery. A lot depends on the severity of the injury and the costs of medical treatments.

What Do You Do When Someone Hits Your Car?

When someone hits your car, ensure all passengers are not hurt, then exchange insurance information and contact information with the other driver. Next, take many photos and witness statements, and report the incident to your insurance company.

Car Accident Law in California

Two main things drivers must know about California car accident law: 1) All drivers must have a minimum of $15,000 for each person injured or killed in an accident, $30,000 for injury/death of two or more persons in one accident, and a minimum of $5,000 for property damage in any one accident, and 2) drivers who are found to be at fault for a car accident may be held liable for any damages or injuries that result from the accident.

What To Do After A Car Accident Not Your Fault

You should do three things after a car accident that is not your fault: 1) take photos of the cars from the front and the rear of each vehicle, including the surrounding landscape or landmarks; 2) exchange driver's licenses and insurance information, and 3) report to your insurance company.

Who is at fault in an accident?

To determine fault in a car accident, you must show that the driver was negligent; you prove a driver was negligent by showing what the driver did that violated a law.

California Trucking Laws

California law requires that all trucks equipment, such as lights, windshields, reflectors, etc., must comply with the United States Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration standards.

Stalking Law and Elements (California)

The term “stalking” is defined as a person engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to suffer substantial emotional distress or fear for their safety.

What Are Brain Injury Symptoms From Car Accident?

Common brain injury symptoms may include headaches, nausea and vomiting, losing sensation in the face, Paralysis of facial muscles, blurry vision and dizziness, Chronic migraines/headaches, loss of consciousness, bleeding and swelling of the brain, or nerve damage.

Contact our attorney.

Please tell us your story:

4 + 1 = ?

20231108

© Copyright | Nakase Law Firm (2019)