I’ve served as counsel on car accidents with severe impact collision that may cause traumatic brain injury. It is often sad and emotional for the family of the person affected. It is devastating to the person affected.
Penetrative harm to the head that leads to brain damage or injury causes traumatic brain injury. Traumatic brain injury is caused by external factors such as accidents and subsequent internal complications such as swelling of the brain, oxygen deprivation to the brain, and tissue damage. Traumatic injury is unique to the environmental, situational, and biological factors surrounding the occurrence of the injury. Symptoms can be significantly impacted by the location of brain damage, severity of the damage, and time is taken before seeking medical treatment. Since situational factors can create a variety of potential outputs, TBI is featured by a chain of events. The cause of injury determines the types of traumatic brain injury.
TBI exists in three fundamental categories:
Since closed head injuries are one of the most common kinds of head injuries, it does not have visible signs of bleeding or open wounds. During closed head injuries, there is fast movement of the head in more than one direction which prompts the brain to follow. If the brain collides or hits the skull, internal bleeding may occur, or nerve fibers may be damaged.
Also, referred to as penetrating brain injury, open wound injuries are closely related to closed head injury. However, it is less common in emergency rooms. An individual suffering from open-wound injury exposes the brain due to the breakage of the skull. Some of the causes of open wound injuries include extreme sporting accidents, gunshot wounds, and knife cuts. These incidences are traumatic because they are gruesome. However, they have a positive outlook if the damage occurs in one area.
The crushing injury happens when the brain is compressed between two objects. Although crushing may cause damage to the brain, it is likely to result in the damage of brain stems and the base of the skull.
Symptoms and severity
Treatment process determines the severity of a brain injury. An individual may have a severe brain injury but remain conscious. However, those with mild or minor damage may become unconscious. Minor injuries have symptoms like lethargy, vision, confusions, and change some of the senses. Server injuries may result in pupil dilating, vomiting, seizures, or numbness.
The course of treatment of traumatic brain injuries depend on a variety of factors including how the injury took place, the severity of the damage, and the part of the brain affected. It is crucial to receive immediate medical help. Internal damage caused as an external accident is irreversible. The doctors must focus on getting oxygen to the brain to avoid anoxic or hypoxic injuries.
Types of TBI
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